A major cause of suicide is mental illness, very commonly depression. People can become suicidal when they feel overwhelmed by life’s challenges. They lack hope for the future, and they see suicide as the only solution. Suicidal thoughts may be fleeting or more frequent, passive such as "What if I were dead?" or active like thinking of ways to kill oneself, making a plan. A sudden lift in spirits in a depressed person can be a warning sign that they are planning to kill themselves.
Anxiety disorders are a group of related conditions rather than a single disorder, symptoms may vary from person to person. One individual may suffer from intense anxiety attacks that strike without warning, while another gets panicky at the thought of mingling at a party. Someone else may struggle with a disabling fear of driving, or uncontrollable, intrusive thoughts. Yet another may live in a constant state of tension, worrying about anything and everything.
Being depressed or having other mental disorders.
Talking directly or indirectly about wanting to die or “not be around”.
Feeling trapped or hopeless about a situation
Getting the means to take your own life, such as buying a gun or stockpiling pills.
Giving away valued possessions, making other preparations for death.
Increasing use of alcohol or drugs.
Changing normal routine, including eating or sleeping patterns.
Having mood swings, such as being emotionally high one day and deeply discouraged the next.
For mild to moderate depression, psychotherapy is generally considered the best treatment option. Psychotherapy is important in helping patients develop strategies for dealing with the situations that give rise to depression and to effectively manage the negative thoughts and feelings that mark the distress.
Two types of therapy have been widely tested and shown to be effective in treating depression
1.Cognitive-Behavioral therapy (CBT) - is a form of therapy focused on the present and problem solving. It helps a person to recognize distorted thinking and then change behaviors and thinking.
2.Interpersonal therapy (IPT) - helps people understand and work through troubled personal relationships that may cause or exacerbate their depression.Book an Appointment